The Finnish Spitz: Finland’s National Treasure

Finnish Spitz

The Finnish Spitz, often referred to as the “Finnish Barking Bird Dog” or “Suomenpystykorva” in its native land, is a captivating breed known for its striking appearance, vocal nature, and hunting prowess. As Finland’s national treasure, this breed has a rich history deeply rooted in the country’s culture and traditions. In this article, we will explore the world of the Finnish Spitz, delving into its history, distinctive characteristics, hunting abilities, care requirements, and much more. Whether you’re a hunter seeking a reliable partner or a dog enthusiast intrigued by this unique breed, this comprehensive guide will provide valuable insights.

Finnish Spitz  : Historical Heritage

The Finnish history is intertwined with Finland’s hunting traditions.

Ancient Origins

  • Ancient Breed: The Finnish Spitz has ancient roots dating back thousands of years.
  • Hunting Heritage: It was originally bred for hunting small game.

National Symbol

  • Finnish National Dog: The breed is officially recognized as Finland’s national dog.
  • Cultural Significance: It holds a special place in Finnish culture.

Distinctive Physical Traits

The Finnish Spitz is known for its unique appearance.

Foxy Looks

  • Fox-Like Features: Finnish Spitzes have fox-like faces with erect ears and a curled tail.
  • Bright Red Coat: The breed’s signature feature is its bright red coat.

Expressive Eyes

  • Almond-Shaped Eyes: They have alert and expressive almond-shaped eyes.
  • Intense Gaze: Their eyes convey intelligence and curiosity.

Temperament and Behavior

Understanding the Finnish Spitz’s temperament is essential for potential owners.

Vocal Nature

  • Barking Instinct: Finnish Spitzes are known for their distinctive bark, used for alerting hunters.
  • Communication: They are excellent communicators and express themselves vocally.

Alert and Loyal

  • Vigilant Guardians: Finnish Spitzes are alert and make excellent watchdogs.
  • Loyal Companions: They form strong bonds with their families.

Hunting Prowess

Finnish excel in their role as hunting dogs.

Squirrel Hunters

  • Squirrel Tracking: They are skilled at tracking and treeing squirrels.
  • Treeing Behavior: Finnish Spitzes use their barking to tree the game.

Endurance and Agility

  • Stamina: They have remarkable stamina, crucial for long hunts.
  • Agile Hunters: Finnish are agile and can navigate dense forests.

Care and Health

Providing proper care ensures the well-being of your Finnish Spitz.

Diet and Nutrition

  • Balanced Diet: Feed them a high-quality diet suitable for their age and activity level.
  • Weight Management: Monitor their weight to prevent obesity.

Exercise and Activity

  • Regular Exercise: Finnish Spitzes require ample exercise to stay happy and healthy.
  • Mental Stimulation: Engage them in activities that challenge their intelligence.

Common Health Issues

  • Hip Dysplasia: Regular vet check-ups are essential to monitor and manage this condition.
  • Ear Health: Pay attention to their ears, as they can be prone to infections.

Training and Socialization

Effective training and socialization are key to a well-behaved Finnish Spitz.

Obedience Training

  • Positive Reinforcement: Use positive methods for training, as they respond well to praise.
  • Consistency: Be consistent with commands and expectations.

Early Socialization

  • Positive Experiences: Introduce them to various people, animals, and environments from a young age.
  • Reducing Aggression: Early socialization helps mitigate aggressive tendencies.


In conclusion, the Finnish Spitz is a captivating breed that embodies Finland’s hunting traditions and cultural heritage. Whether they’re treeing squirrels in the wilderness or charming their families with their vocal nature, their unique traits make them stand out. With proper care, training, and an appreciation for their hunting instincts, Finnish Spitzes make exceptional companions for hunters and enthusiasts alike.



1. Are Finnish good with children?

With proper socialization, they can be good with children, but supervision is recommended due to their hunting instincts.

2. Can Finnish adapt to apartment living?

They are active dogs that require space and regular exercise, so they are better suited to homes with yards.

3. Do Finnish shed a lot?

Yes, Finnish Spitzes shed, especially during seasonal changes, and regular grooming is necessary to manage their coat.

4. Are Finnish prone to health issues?

Like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues, but responsible breeding and regular vet visits can help manage these concerns.

5. How are Finnish in obedience training?

Finnish Spitzes are intelligent but can be independent thinkers. Positive reinforcement and consistency are essential for successful obedience training.

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